Monday, March 16, 2009

The Chiari malformations: A constellation of anomalies

Robert M. Shuman RM. (1995) The Chiari malformations: A constellation of anomalies. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 1995 Sep;2(3):220-6. Review.

The Chiari malformations form a group of abnormalities that are pathogenetically interrelated. The most important member of the group is the Chiari type II malformation, known as the Arnold-Chiari malformation. Its cardinal features are the myelomeningocele in the thoraco-lumbar spine, the venting of the intracranial cerebrospinal fluid through the central canal, the hypoplasia of the posterior fossa, the herniation of hindbrain into the cervical spinal canal, and the compressive damage to cranial nerves. Some of the abnormalities are progressive, and thus treatable. Limitation of progression may improve outcomes. The challenges to our treatment programs involve early diagnosis, delivery by Caesarean section, emergent closure of the neural plaque and prophylaxis of hydrocephalus, anticipatory prevention of the neurological compression syndromes, multidisciplinary teams, and age-appropriate interventions.

No comments: