Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Double spinal dysraphism. Report of three cases

Keshavarzi S, Nejat F, Kazemi H. Double spinal dysraphism. Report of three cases. Journal of Neurosurgery. 2007 Apr;106(4 Suppl):316-8.

The simultaneous presence of multiple spinal neural tube defects is unusual. There have been only a few of these cases reported in the literature. The authors report on three cases of double spina bifida cystica. One patient had two myelomeningoceles (MMCs) at the cervical and lumbosacral regions, one was noted to have both thoracolumbar and sacral defects, and the third presented with double MMCs at lumbar and lumbosacral levels. All three neonates in these cases underwent surgical treatment and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion for associated hydrocephalus. One child died at the age of 2 months despite a well-functioning VP shunt. The other two patients had no complications. Current models of neural tube closure do not thoroughly explain the mechanisms of multiple spinal dysraphism, but the multisite closure model provides a better understanding of caudal neural tube closure than other closure-site models.

PMID: 17465369

No comments: